Kizil Thousand Buddha Caves

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Kizil Thousand Buddha Caves
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Kuqa Kizil Thousand Buddha Caves

Kizil Thousand Buddha Caves is located east of Kuqa, 70Km away from Kuqa downtown. It is protected by national cultural unites. The Caves located on the cliff of mountain in the north bank of Muzat River.

The Kizil Buddha Caves dates back to from third century to eighth or nighth century, and caves divided in to early stage caves, middle stage caves, and late stage caves. There are 236caves in total, and it was built one century earlier then the Mogao grottoes in Dunhuang, the kizil thousand Buddha caves not only popular among the regular tourist but also arts and researchers. The Kizil Thousand Buddha caves are signigicant in history of Qiuci and Buddhism. Qiuci is the name of Kuqa in the past. It was used to be the communication center of the silk road as well as the political and economic center of the western region and central Asia. Islam came to Kuqa around 13th century and since then the people in Kuqa are muslim.

KizilKagha Beacon Tower

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KizilKagha Beacon Tower is also known as Kizilgaha Alarm Tower located 12 kilometers Northwest of Kuqa county seat. It was built during the Han Dynasty as the alarm tower for the frontier guards. Fire was lighted at night while smoke was set off in daytime.

The Kizilgaha Beacon Tower is in Rectangular shape; from foundation to the top is 13.5 meters high with a watch cabin on top and remains of the wooden fence. It is the oldest and the best preserved alarm tower on the Middle Route of Ancient Silk Road.

Kucha Mosque

Kucha Mosque
Kuqa Grand Mosque
Kucha Mosque
Kucha Mosque
Kucha Mosque
Kucha Mosque

Kucha Mosque is situated to the north of the old city of Kuqa county downtown. It is the second largest mosque in Xinjiang (In terms of size) after the Eid Kah Mosque in Kashgar. It was built for the first time in 16 century. Current mosque was rebuilt in 1931 after it was burnt down by fire.

The mosque consists of praying hall, teaching room, dormitories, religious court (only one which had Shariya Islamic Court in China). It’s occupied an area of 1,165 square meters, and calling tower for prayer is 20 meters high. It can hold up to 5,000 people at a time for the praying service. Today it is the centre of religious activities for the Muslims in Kuqa.

Kucha Museum

Kucha Museum is located in old part of Kuqa. In this museum, items exhibited in the exhibition hall is classified by time and cultural relics. Items are; unearthed cultural relics, old carpet pieces, old clothes, old coins, there are total 12,000 pieces are in display.

Most of the relics displayed in the museum depict the ancient Qiuci culture and folk custom in early days.

Subash Ancient City

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It is located on the southern slope of the Queletagh Mountain, 20 kilometers northeast of Kuqa County. The Subash Ancient city is divided in to two sections which are to the east and to the west of Kuqa River. It is the site of a Buddhist temple built during the Wei and Jin Dynasties.

The east temple built on the mountain side, has remains of the temple’s living quarters, towers, and walls. The west temple is squares in shape which is 318 meters long and 10 meters high courtyard wall within which there are dense ruins. On the north, there is a row of caves which had been found Qiuci language inscriptions and Buddhist images. From this ancient city, unearthed iron/copper tools, pottery, wooden articles, murals, clay Buddhist statues, wooden slips. In 1978, a tomb was excavated at the base of the middle pagoda in the west temple, where there unearthed female bones with sacrificial objects being displayed in Kuqa Museum.