Mor Buddhist Pagoda

Mor Buddhist pagoda is located northeast of Kashgar city, its about 30kms far from Kashgar city.Mor Buddhist Pagoda was built in 7th century during the Tang dynasty, destroyed about 12th century. It is close to the Hanoi Ancient city, according to the research, it used to be the place where the monks live.

Nowadays only left one pagoda, next to pagoda is a platform. The pagoda is the place where the monks in the city to come and do their worship. The Mor pagoda has three square layers, each a little smaller than the one below it. The bottom layer has circumferences of more than forty-eight meters, the second layer forty meters and the third layer thirty-two meters, while the pagoda stands more than twelve meters high.

The platform beside the pagoda was one of the central temple structures, and in its side walls were carved niches housing Buddha figurines. But now there aren’t any figures left, and even the niches themselves are barely invisible.

Mahmud Kashgari Mausoleum

Muhammad Kashgari Tomb is located in Opal Village, Shufu County of Kashgar. Muhammad Kashgari is an outstanding Uyghur scholar and linguist. Muhammad Kashgari was born in 1005 in Kashgar; he studied about Turkish dialects, and wrote the first comprehensive dictionary of Turkish languages in Baghdad city of Arab allies in 1072.

Muhammad Kashgari came back to his home town Opal of Kashgar around 1080,and opened his own Islamic school and died 1105 in Opal at the age of 97, since then his tomb is in Opal of Kashgar.

Muhammad Kashgari’s tomb is highly respected by the Uyghur people and Turk people in the world. Local Uyghur people to show the respect for him they call it Haziret Mollam, meaning is honorable scholar. Turk Muslim scholars to show the respect for him, they have contributed their favorite books to the tomb of Muhammad Kashgari. Now it has slowly become a kind of library. Muhammad Kashgari’s Turkish Dictionary has been translated to 26 languages.

Muhammad Kashgari’s Turkish language Dictionary bears knowledge as to the dialects of various Turkic people living at that time. It also gives information about the dialectical differences, their social upbringings, their customs, as well as the regions they inhabited. Muhammad Kashgari on this encyclopedic dictionary wandered amidst all of the Turkic peoples before he compiled his work, studied all the data and thus provided a sound academic basis. Turkish language Dictionary is one of the main source for Turkic Studies today.

Yusuf Has Hajib Tomb

Yusup Has Hajip Tomb is located on Sports Road opposite side of the Kashgar Radio Station. Yusup Has Hajip is a Uyghur poet, scholar and thinker, he was born in 1018 in Balasagun (Today its somewhere in Kyrgyzstan) of Karahanilar Dynasty, and later immigrated to Kashgar.

Yusuf Has Hajip wrote world famous book Kutatku Bilik(wisdom of Happiness) in 18 month from 1069 to 1070 in Kashgar, then he present the Kutatku Bilik (wisdom of Happiness) book to the King of Karahanilar Kingdom, who’s name is Ebu Ali Hasan Tawhaq Bugrahan. His name is Yusup, after he presents Kutatku Bilik (wisdom of Happiness) to the King of Ebu Ali Hasan Tawhaq Bugrahan of Karahanilar kindom, the king gave him the Has Hajip possess name. Kutatku Bilik(wisdom of Happiness) is a unique example of a work that explains social, cultural, and political lives of the Uyghurs during that period of time. The original writing of Kutatku Bilik(wisdom of Happiness) is couldn’t found. Yusup Has Hajip died in 1085 in Kashgar and buried in Kashgar city. His tomb was moved to its present site when it was threatened by the flood in Tomen River.

ApakHojaTomb Mausoleum

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ApakHojaTomb Mausoleum also called fragrant concubine tomb (Xingfei in Chinese). It is located 5kms northeast of Kashgar City. It is said that, altogether seventy two persons from five generation of the same family were buried in the Apak Hoja mausoleums.

As a tomb of the descendants of an Islamic sage, it was built around 1640 AD for the first time. First generation and first person who is buried here was Yusup Hoja, he was a celebrated Islam missionary. After he died in 1640 AD, his oldest son Apak Hoja carried on the missionary work and became the chief of the Aktaglik (white mountainaire) Sect of Sufisiam during the seventeenth century. Apak Hoja died in 1693, and buried in the tomb here then the local people name the place with the name of APak Hoja for his honor, and also his preaching and reputation is much greater and higher the his father.

A legend goes that one of the descendants of Apak Hoja buried here, who was a lady named Iparhan, who was a concubine of the Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty. Because of rich delicate fragrance of flower sent back in forth by her body, she was called Xiangfei (Fragrant Imperial Concubine). After her death, her mortal remains was escorted back Kashgar and buried in Apak Hoja Tomb by Su Dai xiang, her sister-in-law. So the tomb was also called “Xiangfei Tomb”. However, according to textual research, Xiangfei was none other than Rongfei, a concubine of Emperor Qianlong, and she was actually buried in the East Tombs of the Qing Dynasty in Zunhua County of Hebei province after she died. The Apak Hoja Tomb is a key cultural relic unit under the protection of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.

Id Kah Mosque

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Meaning of Eid Kah in our Uyghur language is Place for festival. It is located in the center of Kashgar city. Id Kah Mosque is a great magnificent Islamic building. It has a history of more than five hundred years old.

Id Kah mosque was built for the first time in 1442 by Saksimirza, who was a ruler of Kashgar at that time, then the Id Kah mosque was extended and repaired last few centuries, and finally taken its present shape and size. The length of the mosque from south to east is 140meters, and the width of the mosque from east to west is120meters. The Id Kah mosque consists of Praying Hall, Doctrine Teaching Hall, Gate Tower, Islamic washing room, pond and some other accessory structures. The total covered an area of Id Kah mosque is 16,800 square meters. The Id Kah Mosque is considered the biggest mosque in China. The second biggest mosque in China is the mosque on Huimin Street in Xi’an.

The gate of the mosque is built of yellow bricks with the joints pointed with gypsum, it has distinct lines. On either side of the gate is an eighteen meters high round column with a half embedded in the wall behind it. In Kurban (sacrificing) Festival and Fastbreaking (Ramidan) Festival are the two most important Islamic festivals in the world. The Uyghur people gather in the square in front of the mosque to celebrate the festivals by dancing. In that occasion, Uyghur young men in their holiday celebrating suit, and dances “Sama” dance with great enthusiasm and cheerful drumbeats. The Sama dance usually maintains about seven days from the morning till late in the afternoon.

Nowadays in this mosque holds five times praying a day, Friday praying, and two big festival praying each one is once a year. None Muslim visitors not allowed to visit the mosque while the people attending service. Before you start your visit after you you bought the ticket, please read the notice board carefully then start you tour in the mosque.