Dunhuang City is situated at the western end of Hexi Corridor in Gunsu Province of China. It borders with Shaanxi, Sichuan, Qinghai Province, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia Hui and Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Regions.  Dunhuang is an ancient historical city which is rich in culture, ruins, and natural scenery that is why it is ‘Centre of Buddhist Art’, ‘Desert Oasis’, and ‘Western Pearl’ of China.


It has a population of 188,000 people which consist of Han, Hui, Tibetan, Dongxiang, Yugu, Bonan, Mongolian, Kazak, Tu, Salar and Manchu nationalities.


Dunhuang was founded by Emperor Wudi of Han Dynasty in 111 BC and became a prefecture in 117 BC.  It was a major exchange point between China and outside world during the Han (206 BC-220) and Tang (618-907) by using the cross roads of two trading routes of the World Famous Silk Road.

Top attractions

The Mogao Grottoes, The Sing Sand Mountain,  Crescent Spring,Yang Guan/Yang Pass, and Yumen Pass.


Dunhuang Airport is located 13 km east of town. The Dunhuang Train Station is located 12 km northeast side of town.

Dunhuang Weather

Warm variable zone with an average annual temperature of 9.3°C, highest temperature in Summer reaches to 40°C with average annual rainfall of 39 mm which mostly concentrating in Spring and Autumn.

Hotan Yearly Average Temperature by Month
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average Maximum Temperature (ºC) -3.3 3.1 12.6 21.1 28.0 32.3 34.1 33.3 27.5 18.7 7.3 -1.8
Average Temperature(ºC) -10.5 -4.8 4.6 13.2 20.3 20.3 26.6 25.2 18.5 9.7 -0.1 -8.3
Average Minimum Temperature (ºC) -15.9 -11.3 -2.7 5.1 12.0 12.0 18.6 17.3 10.8 2.9 -5.4 -13.0
Rainfall  (mm) 1.3 1.4 1.0 2.0 3.2 3.2 6.7 4.9 3.3 2.6 1.5 0.9

Dunhuang Attractions

Dunhuang Map