Mahmud Kashgari Mausoleum
Muhammad Kashgari Tomb is located in Opal Village, Shufu County of Kashgar. Muhammad Kashgari is an outstanding Uyghur scholar and linguist. Muhammad Kashgari was born in 1005 in Kashgar; he studied about Turkish dialects, and wrote the first comprehensive dictionary of Turkish languages in Baghdad city of Arab allies in 1072.
Muhammad Kashgari came back to his home town Opal of Kashgar around 1080,and opened his own Islamic school and died 1105 in Opal at the age of 97, since then his tomb is in Opal of Kashgar.
Muhammad Kashgari’s tomb is highly respected by the Uyghur people and Turk people in the world. Local Uyghur people to show the respect for him they call it Haziret Mollam, meaning is honorable scholar. Turk Muslim scholars to show the respect for him, they have contributed their favorite books to the tomb of Muhammad Kashgari. Now it has slowly become a kind of library. Muhammad Kashgari’s Turkish Dictionary has been translated to 26 languages.
Muhammad Kashgari’s Turkish language Dictionary bears knowledge as to the dialects of various Turkic people living at that time. It also gives information about the dialectical differences, their social upbringings, their customs, as well as the regions they inhabited. Muhammad Kashgari on this encyclopedic dictionary wandered amidst all of the Turkic peoples before he compiled his work, studied all the data and thus provided a sound academic basis. Turkish language Dictionary is one of the main source for Turkic Studies today.