Taklimakan Desert also known as Taklamakan Desert, is the second largest shifting desert in the World. It is located in the southwest of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. It is surrounded by Kunlun Mountain to the south, Pamir and Tianshan mountian to the west and north, and Gobi Desert in east with total covering an area of 337,000 km2 .
Silk Road is the one of the greatest commercial routes in history that linked the east and west. It conveyed the merchants, pilgrims and ideas. But its culture and oasis were swallowed by shifting sand. There’ve been many astonishing discoveries in the past from the Taklamakan Desert by world famous archaeologies and explorers. To name few, Sven Hedin, the Swedish explorer who made a surprising discovery of Dandan Oilik in the heard of Taklamakan Desert in 1896.
Ten Aurel Stein, another great explorer who is known as a pioneer of the Silk Road made some amazing discoveries of buidings, temples and documents from the past.
In 1900, Hedin revisited the Taklimakan Desert and discovered the ruins of the ancient city of Loulan which was buried under the sand. The Loulan Ancient city is the capital of the Loulan Kingdom.
In 1910, a local hunter made a another astonishing discover of tombs near a creek then named it as “creek tombs” 175 km to Loulan. Built using more then 100 wooden poles erected on a sand dune, the tomb is regarded as one of the most intriguiing mysteries in ancient civilization.
In 1979, a female corpse discovered in Loulan which is dates back to 4,000 years ago. The corpse well preserved and nickname as “Beauty of Loulan”.
in 2003, during a dig at the “Creek Tomb”, another well preserved well-kept female corpse was found. It is also estimated more than 4,000 years old. The corpse still had beautiful facial features, thick eyelashes, and visible smile. A funeral system involving “reproduction worship” was also revealed.
These discoveries of ancient cities in Taklimakan Desert tell us the glories history buried under the sand.