Ancient City of Jiaohe
The Ancient City of Jiaohe is situated at Yar Town , 13 km west of Turpan City . In the Western Han Dynasty, this City served as the capital of ” Anterior State of Cheshi”, one of the 36 kingdoms in the West Region. During the Tang Dynasty, the government of the Tang Dynasty established Jiaohe County here that was under the jurisdiction of West Prefecture of the Tang Dynasty.
“Anxi Frontier Command”, the highest military and administrative organ established by the Tang Dynasty in the West Region, once was set here, and later it was moved to Qiuci (modern Kuche County ). In the sixth century the Qu ruling house established the Prefecture of Jiaohe here. And the castle was like a bulwark with strong defense. People outside the wall of the castle could not learn information inside the castle, but people inside the castle had a command position over people outside the castle. Many cultural relics were unearthed at the Ancient City of Jiaohe, such as antefix of the Tang Dynasty and Buddhist scriptures.