Turpan is a prefecture and it is located to the southeast of Urumqi, the capital city of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.Turpan is a prefecture, it’s covered an area is 69,700sqkm.
Turpan prefecture is located Bogda mountain in the North, Karawuquntag mountain in the west, Qoltag mountain in the south, and Kumtag mountains in the southwast. Turpan prefecture consists of one city and two counties, they are Turpan city,ToksunCounty, Pichan or Shanshan county, and 26 townships.
The particular topography of the Turpan Depression exerts a tremendous influence on the unique local climate, which differs greatly between central part of the depression and the surrounding mountains. The central area of Turpen depression climate’s represented by whose highest absolute temperature reaches 47 degrees and above. Turpan depression has more than 100 days each year the highest temperature is above 35 degrees and 35 degrees.
The annual average temperature is 14 C (57.2 F). It is reckoned that there are 152 summer days on average, and 28 really broiling days with the temperature above 40 C (104 F). Although the high temperature can be oppressive people can also get some benefits from it. 5 to 50 days of sweltering heat when the temperature is above 40 degrees days of sweltering heat when the temperature is above 40℃ degrees with ground temperature in reaching as high as 70 ℃degrees. The local topography is also responsible for the strong winds which blow frequently in the spring and summer, especially in the months between April and July. The Baiyanghe area is the main wind gap though which the strong winds blow to move the shifting sand dunes on the fringes of the depression.
|Turpan Yearly Average Temperature by Month|
|Average Maximum Temperature (ºC)||-3.3||3.1||12.6||21.1||28.0||32.3||34.1||33.3||27.5||18.7||7.3||-1.8|
|Average Minimum Temperature (ºC)||-15.9||-11.3||-2.7||5.1||12.0||12.0||18.6||17.3||10.8||2.9||-5.4||-13.0|